Chronic active gastritis in X-linked lymphoproliferative disease.
Am J Surg Pathol. 2008 Feb;32(2):323-8
Authors: Rougemont AL, Fournet JC, Martin SR, de Saint-Basile G, Latour S, Primeau MN, Rubbia-Brandt L, Haddad E, Le Deist F
Gastric lesions in primary constitutive immune deficiencies include multifocal atrophic gastritis, erosive pangastritis, and a pattern of gastric lesions reminiscent of graft-versus-host disease. We describe the genetic anomalies in 2 monozygotic twins with an X-linked lymphoproliferative disease (XLP; MIM 308240), a rare familial setting of high susceptibility to Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Since early childhood, both twin brothers exhibited a severe chronic active atrophic pangastritis. A germline screening of the SH2D1A (MIM 300490) and BIRC4 (MIM 300079) genes was performed, and also a high-resolution whole-genome SNP profiling (Infinium Sentrix Human-1 Genotyping BeadChip, Illumina). A 3 Megabase deletion in the Xq25 region, encompassing the SH2D1A gene, was defined by SNP array genotyping. Histologic analysis of yearly or twice yearly gastric biopsies in both children showed a Helicobacter pylori-negative, Epstein-Barr virus-negative chronic active atrophic pangastritis, with superficial ulcer formation, foveolar hyperplasia, glandular dilatation and ultimately pseudopyloric and intestinal metaplasia. No such chronic active inflammatory gastric lesions have been reported to date in XLP. The similarities between XLP and common variable immunodeficiency (MIM 240500) underscore the need for early recognition and close monitoring of these gastric lesions, with special regard to their neoplastic potential. No infectious cause was determined. We favor a dysimmune mechanism in the development of this chronic atrophic gastritis, presenting a striking similarity to the recently described atrophic autoimmune pangastritis.
PMID: 18223336 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Pathway-based association analysis of genome-wide screening data suggest that genes associated with the gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor signaling pathway are involved in neuroleptic-induced, treatment-resistant tardive dyskinesia.
Pharmacogenet Genomics. 2008 Apr;18(4):317-23
Authors: Inada T, Koga M, Ishiguro H, Horiuchi Y, Syu A, Yoshio T, Takahashi N, Ozaki N, Arinami T
Neuroleptic-induced tardive dyskinesia (TD) is an involuntary movement disorder that develops in patients who have undergone long-term treatment with antipsychotic medications, and its etiology is unclear. In this study, a genome-wide association screening was done to identify the pathway(s) in which genetic variations influence susceptibility to neuroleptic-induced TD.
PMID: 18334916 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Chromosome 6p22 locus associated with clinically aggressive neuroblastoma.
N Engl J Med. 2008 Jun 12;358(24):2585-93
Authors: Maris JM, Mosse YP, Bradfield JP, Hou C, Monni S, Scott RH, Asgharzadeh S, Attiyeh EF, Diskin SJ, Laudenslager M, Winter C, Cole KA, Glessner JT, Kim C, Frackelton EC, Casalunovo T, Eckert AW, Capasso M, Rappaport EF, McConville C, London WB, Seeger RC, Rahman N, Devoto M, Grant SF, Li H, Hakonarson H
Neuroblastoma is a malignant condition of the developing sympathetic nervous system that most commonly affects young children and is often lethal. Its cause is not known.
PMID: 18463370 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Identification of SNP markers for common CNV regions and association analysis of risk of subarachnoid aneurysmal hemorrhage in Japanese population.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2008 Sep 5;373(4):593-6
Authors: Bae JS, Cheong HS, Kim JO, Lee SO, Kim EM, Lee HW, Kim S, Kim JW, Cui T, Inoue I, Shin HD
Copy number variation (CNV) is emerging as a new tool for understanding human genomic variation, but its relationship with human disease is not yet fully understood. The data for a total of 317,503 genotypes were collected for a genome-wide association study of subarachnoid aneurismal hemorrhage (SAH) in a Japanese population (cases and controls, n=497) using Illumina HumanHap300 BeadChip. To identify multi-allelic CNV markers, we visually inspected all genotype clusters of 317,503 SNP markers covering the whole genome using Illumina's BeadStudio 3.0 software. As a result, we identified 597 multi-allelic CNV markers for common (copy loss frequency>0.05) CNV regions in a Japanese population (n=497). The identified CNV markers shared the following characteristics: enrichment of Hardy-Weinberg disequilibria, Mendelian inconsistency among families, and high missing genotype rate. All annotated information for those markers is summarized in our database (http://www.snp-genetics.com/user/srch.htm). In addition, we performed case-control association analyses of identified multi-allelic CNV markers with the risk of subarachnoid aneurysmal hemorrhage. One SNP marker (rs1242541) within a CNV region neighboring the Sel-1 suppressor of lin-12-like protein (SEL1L) was significantly associated with a risk of SAH (P=0.0006). We also validated the CNV around rs1242541 using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Information and methods used in this study would be helpful for accurate genotyping of SNPs on CNV regions, which could be used for association analysis of SNP markers within CNV regions.
PMID: 18601904 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]